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International Style III (Late Modern)

Approximate Dates 1980-present
See also the section on 30 under 30 The Watch List of Future Landmarks
PICT0198a.JPG (42413 bytes) PICT0030bb.JPG (18852 bytes) Pict0313.jpg (124076 bytes) The Capitol at Chelsea Pict0016.jpg (82255 bytes)
036 The Porter House 037 The Nomadic Museum 030 Perry West 013 Capitol at Chelsea 037 Post Luminaria
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009 Butterfield House

064 Millenium Hilton Hotel

060- 497 Greenwich St. 004 17 State St. 027 Scandinavia House
PICT0044.jpg (50310 bytes) 001-trump_international_top_closeup.jpg (37113 bytes)
036 LVMH 124 Hearst Magazine Building 125C New York Times Building 125D Ernst & Young 1 CPW- Trump International Hotel and Tower (001)
large.jpg (54903 bytes) (18701 bytes) 159-twt1.jpg (41281 bytes) 203676.jpg (69526 bytes) The Copley viewed from the southwest

156 Time Warner Center

157 1 Bryant Park 159 Trump World Tower

160 425 5th Avenue

005-The Copley
By the end of the 1970s it was clear that Post- Modern was a recognisable style which was not going to go away, however much its opponents attacked what they felt were its superficiality and obsession with historicism. It was even suggested that modern architecture (as represented by the International style) had died at 3.32 p.m. on 15 July 1972, when several buildings of the Pruitt-Igoe high-rise apartment complex in St Louis, Missouri, were blown up. Designed by Minoru Yamasaki, an impeccably credentialled modernist, Pruitt-Igoe had undoubtedly become an uninhabitable shambles, owing to socio-economic factors as much as to architectural style per Se. Be that as it may, with modernism now proclaimed dead and with post-modernism starting to gain ground, a style name was needed to identify a new breed of buildings which seemed to owe more to the deceased modern movement than to anything else. The label Late Modern was therefore created.
Late Twentieth-Century Late Modern buildings avoided most of the allusions, irony and self- mockery of post-modernism, although they sometimes paid homage to Inter-War Functionalism. They also modified the uncomplicated, predictable matchbox shapes of the International style by slicing, chamfering or serrating them, by stressing the 45-degree angle in plan and elevation, or by relinquishing the rectangular prism in favour of pyramidal, cylindrical or free-curved shapes. Late Modern architecture was nothing if not sleek and glossy. It strove to convey the image of the formidable technology of the computer and the satellite, a technology that was not yet practical for everyday use in the building industry even though it appeared overseas in such tours de force as the HongKong and Shanghai Bank and the Lloyds of London Building. A run-of-the-mill commercial building of the 1980s was likely to wear a tinted, mirror-glass façade which—like the sunglasses of the well-groomed, ambitious Late Modern people behind it—reflected the world outside and enigmatically hid what might have been no more than an inner emptiness.
see also- International Style I (for definition), International Style II