The Romanesque Revival first started in
Munich, Germany around 1830, where it was called the Rundbogenstil
(round-arched style). The earliest known example in New York of the
Romanesque Revival is the Church of the Pilgrims (now Our Lady of
Lebanon Roman Catholic Church), 113 Remsen Street, Brooklyn Heights
(Richard Upjohn, 1844-46). The German Rundbogenstil influenced St.
George's Church (Episcopal), (Blesch & Eidlitz, 1846-56), located in an
appropriately Picturesque setting on Stuyvesant Square, Manhattan.
Renwick's 1846 Church of the Pilgrims on Union Square in Manhattan, was
a fully-developed example of the Norman (French Romanesque) style. At
the same time, Renwick was designing the Smithsonian Institution in
Washington, D.C. (1846-55), considered "the first great secular monument
of the Romanesque Revival," in a highly Picturesque mode.