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Neoclassical Architecture c. 1780-1850
|Approximate Dates 1750 to 1930, with a few stray examples into the 1960s|
|For later versions of Neo-Classicism, see Late Neoclassical Architecture|
There are four main variations or phases of
Neoclassicism; these are best described by William Pierson, Jr., in
American Buildings and their Architects, vol. I: Colonial and Neoclassic
Neo-Classicism is one of many revivals of ancient Greek and Roman styles in the history of architecture. Earlier revivals include the Romanesque, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. Neo-Classical architecture began in the mid-18th century as a return to idealized and authentic classical forms, in reaction to the excesses of Baroque and Rococco interpretations of classicism.
The most common features of the style are colonnades and arches. The façades are nearly always brick or stone. The overall building design usually follows the pattern of the classical column: a pronounced base with a ceremonial entrance, a uniform shaft with little decoration, and a distinctive or pronounced top.
Some major companies known for Neo-Classical output include D.H. Burnham & Company in Chicago, and New York City's Warren & Wetmore, and Cass Gilbert.