New York Architecture Images- Lower Manhattan

American Telephone and Telegraph Building


Built in three sections: 1912-1923. All by Welles Bosworth. Addition to W, 1989, Eli Attia.


195 Broadway view map




Neo-Classicism 2




Office Building


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Originally American Telephone & Telegraph Company Building (offices)/now 195 Broadway Building.

"The square-topped layer cake of New York: a deep-set façade of 8 lonic colonnades (embracing 3 stories within each set) is stacked on a Doric order."

This building has the distinguish honor of having "more Classical columns than any façade in the world."

Visit 195 Broadway and you'll be reminded of Greece and Rome's great civic monuments. Soaring Doric columns, decorative bronze ornamentation and shimmering marble walls grace the lobby. The exterior is styled directly on the Septigorim in Rome, and features dozens of massive, granite columns. This property truly makes a statement of corporate success to existing and potential tenants and visitors alike.

AT&T commissioned famed architect William Welles Bosworth to design 195 Broadway as its corporate headquarters in 1913. AT&T asked that the building impart a sense of solidity, permanence and enduring quality. Obviously Bosworth met that challenge - AT&T stayed over 70 years.


William Wells Bosworth, one of the most well-respected architects of his day, designed 195 Broadway as AT&T's corporate headquarters in 1913. This architect's use of classic design elements and meticulous attention to detail resulted in one of the most beautiful buildings ever to grace Manhattan's streets. Bosworth considered 195 Broadway one of his greatest accomplishments, referring to it as his "temple on Broadway."

Other Bosworth architecture includes:
Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The Rockefeller home and gardens in Pocantico Hills.
The Theodore Vail House in Morristown, New Jersey.

Restoration of Versailles, Fontainebleau and Rheims Cathedral in France.

Little Known Facts
The interior of 195 Broadway is reputed to contain more marble, in cubic feet and weight, than any other building in New York.
All the marble was cut and polished in New Jersey, then floated by barge to Manhattan. Eight-horse teams hauled it to the site.
The original 26th floor roof sported handball and squash courts surrounded by plush deck chairs.
Bosworth was so finicky about matching the marble, a special representative was sent to the quarries and tons of marble were rejected.

The building was initially steam-heated and powered by coal, which was delivered to the basement by sidewalk lifts.



Bosworth's inspiration for 195 Broadway's exterior was a Roman structure erected by Septimius Severus which contained seven stories of columns. Note, however, that his design of 195 Broadway aligned the columns horizontally, as opposed to the vertical layout more common in buildings of this type.

All 198 exterior columns and the exterior walls are constructed entirely of Vermont granite. The extraordinary use of decorative bronze on the windows, spandrels and a multitude of details help create the lasting impression of this masterpiece.


The lobby of 195 Broadway is New York's link with Periclean Athens. Soaring marble columns, graceful proportions, alabaster chandeliers and polished bronze unite to create a breathtakingly beautiful setting reminiscent of the Greek Parthenon.

Contributing to the magnificence of the space are:
More than 50 Doric columns crafted of rare marble - Napoleon Gray, Botticino and Istria - rising to a height of almost 40 feet.
Elegant chandeliers crafted of bronze, German silver and fine alabaster.
An intricate gilded vaulted ceiling with starburst motifs.
Cast bronze ornamental grills adorning the entryways and balcony.

An ionic-style bronze and marble directory and carved marble letterbox.


The exquisite ornamentation of 195 Broadway draws on classic themes and shapes. Leading sculptors collaborated with Bosworth to craft unique artwork, employing such luxurious materials as stained glass, bronze and marble.

Paul Manship created many distinctive bronze sculptures:
The turbaned Oriental maidens supporting the drinking fountain spouts.
The handcarved cupids above the elevators with assistance from Gaston Lachaise, another prominent sculptor.
The plaque of Alexander Graham Bell.

Chester Beach sculpted the "Service to the Nation in Peace and War" marble and bronze piece for the lobby in 1928.