New York Architecture Images- notes
Fascist-era architecture in England


Charles Holden is best known for the London Underground stations he designed for the London Passenger Board in the 1920s and 30s.

Born in Bolton 1875, Holden was later a partner in the Adams, Holden and Pearson Partnership, one of the most prolific and successful firms in Britain. Over the course of his long career Holden designed buildings both in Britain and abroad. From the tallest office building in London, to war memorials, a University and the first of the great public buildings, the modern Underground Station.
Including work with the Imperial War Graves Commission, where Holden designed some of the most eloquent memorials to honour the dead.

Holden embodied both the architecture of the modern and that of the past. A master of the traditional classical form with a profound knowledge of construction and materials. His modernity came from his belief that architecture should, '...throw off its mantle of deceits; its cornices, pilasters, mouldings...'
He was far more concerned with functional problems; how rainwater could naturally clean a wall; the flow of pedestrians through a building.

Holden believed architecture should be a collaborative effort, which explains why he declined a Knighthood, twice. A highly modest man, who was yet able to exercise such an influence that he was near hero-worshipped by his colleagues.

Holden's architecture was functional and accessible. More importantly he resisted the revivalist architecture of the period with his own sense of the modern.

Charles Holden (1875-1960)